# Leap Years

* ..., 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028, 2032, ...*

## Leap Year

- A normal year has 365 days.
- A
**Leap Year**has 366 days (the extra day is the 29th of February).

## How to know if it is a Leap Year:

Leap Years are any year that can be exactly divided by 4 (such as 2020, 2024, 2028, etc) |
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except if it can be exactly divided by 100, then it isn't (such as 2100, 2200, etc) |
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it can be except ifexactly divided by 400, then it is (such as 2000, 2400) |

Try it here:

## Why?

Because the Earth rotates about **365.2422** times a year ...

... but a normal year is **365** days, ...

... so something has to be done to "catch up" the extra **0.2422** days a year.

- Every 4th year we add an extra day (the 29th of February), which makes
**365.25**days a year. This is fairly close, but is wrong by about 1 day every 100 years. - So every 100 years we
**don't**have a leap year, and that gets us**365.24**days per year (1 day less in 100 year = -0.01 days per year). Closer, but still not accurate enough! - So another rule says that every 400 years
**is**a leap year again. This gets us**365.2425**days per year (1 day regained every 400 years = 0.0025 days per year), which is close enough to 365.2422 not to matter much.

## So, Which Are and Which Aren't?

In our current era **any year divisible by 4 is a leap year** (2016, 2020, 2024, 2028, etc.) except for 1800, 1900, 2100, 2200, 2300 and 2500 which are **not**.

2000 and 2400 **are** leap years.

How far away each year is from the average

*Example: look just before 2100, the worst year is 1.2 days ahead, but because 2100 is not a leap year they all get adjusted back by 1 day.*

So this keeps us pretty close, and any other adjustments can be done way in the future (when the Earth may be rotating a little slower, anyway!)

## Only since 1582 (Gregorian Calendar)

These leap year rules were introduced in **1582** by the **Gregorian Calendar**, named after Pope Gregory XIII.

(It replaced the old **Julian Calendar** by Julius Caesar that only has one rule of a leap year every 4th year, and is now about 13 days behind our current date.)

And 365.2422 is still only an approximate value! 365.24219 is closer, but it actually changes slightly as time goes by.